Published on Spiegel Online International, by kla, Nov. 23, 2012.
Germany’s center-left opposition torpedoed a long-awaited tax treaty with Switzerland on Friday, saying it didn’t go far enough in solving the problem of tax evasion. A compromise may still be found, but the vote leaves the deal teetering on the brink of failure.
It was supposed to end decades of disagreement between Switzerland and Germany over tax evasion, but on Friday lawmakers in Berlin put a stop to it. The country’s upper legislative chamber, the Bundesrat, voted against implementing a long-awaited tax treaty that parliament had already approved.
The conflict between the two neighboring countries on the issue now threatens to continue after members of the opposition Social Democratic Party (SPD) and the Green Party used their majority to block the measure in the Bundesrat, which represents the interests of Germany’s 16 states. The issue must now be addressed by the Mediation Committee between the upper and lower parliamentary chambers. But any potential agreement would then have to be re-approved by Switzerland … //
… A Non-Negotiable Matter:
Earlier in the week during budgetary debates in parliament Finance Minister Wolfgang Schäuble also referenced the states’ empty coffers, saying it would be unacceptable if the Bundesrat failed to approve the measure. As claims on back taxes become invalid due to the statute of limitations, billions are being lost, he said. SPIEGEL has learned that the finance minister also offered the states some €3 billion in additional funding if they approved the treaty.
That prompted Peter Friedrich, an SPD member of the Bundesrat from Baden-Württemberg, to accuse Schäuble of trying to buy the state’s votes. “Our substantial criticisms haven’t been addressed. Instead there is an attempt to whitewash mistakes with money.” he told news agency DAPD. “For us, tax fairness and ethics are non-negotiable.”
In an interview with radio station Deutschlandfunk, the state of North Rhine-Westphalia’s Finance Minister Norbert Walter-Borjans said that Germany must “make clear where the limit is when one side earns its money from another’s losses,” he said. The state finance minister also criticized Schäuble’s calculation that the treaty would bring in billions in new tax revenues, calling it a “lively fantasy.”
Despite the Bundesrat’s rejection of the treaty, Switzerland, where the treaty has already surmounted parliamentary hurdles, signaled that it would not give up on coming to an agreement on the issue. The Swiss Banking Association also expressed its regret over the Bundesrat decision.
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