Linked with Sandra Nyaira – Zimbabwe.
Published on The London School of Economy and Political Science LSE, POLIS’ working paper, October 2007.
an excerpt: … Since Zimbabwe gained its independence in 1980, it has been governed by Robert Mugabe and the Zanu-PF (Zimbabwe Africa National Union – Patriotic Front). Mugabe, who was last re-elected in 2002, has now had 27 years in power and shows no signs of releasing his grip on Zimbabwe. With Presidential elections set for 2008, the world’s attention will once again turn to Zimbabwe.
Already there are frequent Western media reports of an increasingly precarious political situation and deeply worsening economic situation. According to the Department for International Development (DFID) the current economic situation in Zimbabwe is very grave and 56% of the population live on less than US $1 a day whilst 80% live on less than US $2 a day. 1 The World Bank estimates suggest Real Gross Domestic Product has declined by over 35% in the last six years and the inflation rate is now in excess of 5000%. 2 The country’s relations with the international community; in particular with the US, Britain and the EU are tense.
Furthermore, all media institutions, including the main newspapers transmitting from Zimbabwe, are state-run. There have been attacks on both local and foreign media by the government and the enactment of a communication bill which could lead to monitoring of journalists communications. The British media in particular has in general continued to sustain an interest in Zimbabwe, yet accurately reporting on Zimbabwe has been difficult with few British journalists being able to report from within Zimbabwe, due to restrictions … (full long text).