Published on Brookings.edu, 2008 The Brookings Institution.
Early Child Development ECD refers to a combination of programs and policies aimed at improving the nutrition, health, cognitive and psycho-social development, education and in some situations, social protection, of young children.
Young children are particularly vulnerable to adversities during the first five years of life. Impoverished environments take a far greater toll on young children, for the effects are lifelong and costly to remediate. Children born into poverty are less likely to receive adequate cognitive stimulation, nurturing or nutrition and are more likely to suffer from chronic health problems, perform poorly in school and drop out of school at high rates. As future adult participants in the labor market, they are able to perform only unskilled jobs and earn the lowest wages. When they have children, the cycle of inherited poverty is repeated. Children who participate in ECD programs are healthier, attain higher rates of education, are less likely to become involved in crime, and have greater employment opportunities in later life. ECD is a mechanism by which the cycle of inherited poverty can be broken … (full text).
CRCW, the Center for Research on Child Wellbeeing, Princeton.edu;
The Political Economy of Palestinian Children: An Examination of the Linkages between Economic Policy and Child Welfare;
Sex differences in a simulated classroom economy, Children’s beliefs about entrepreneurship;
Google book-result for children development.