Report for the HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL, NINTH SESSION, GENEVA, 08-26 SEPTEMBER 2008
Published on THE BELGIAN ASSOCIATION FOR SOLIDARITY WITH JAMMU AND KASHMIR (J&K), by Paul Beersmans, Septembre 2008.
REPORT ON THE STUDY TOUR OF BEERSMANS PAUL, PRESIDENT OF TO INDIA AND THE INDIAN J&K STATE FROM 02 TO 30 AUGUST 2008, 19 pdf-pages.
Excerpt: … (part of the)
a. J&K, as it was before partition in 1947, is at present under the rule of three countries:
- (1) China: Aksai Chin and a territory of 5.180 km2 ceded by Pakistan to China;
- (2) India: J&K State comprising Jammu-region, the Kashmir-Valley and Ladakh;
- (3) Pakistan: Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Areas).
The population of these specific regions is totally different from each other: culture, history, traditions, language, religion, etc. In J&K State, this is also the case for the three regions: Jammu-region, the Kashmir-Valley and Ladakh region.
b. This study tour, the situation in J&K State was completely different as compared with previous study tours. The Amarnath issue gave the whole situation a new turn: the differences between the regions, as mentioned in previous paragraph, came clearly on the surface. In order to find a permanent solution a dialogue is necessary on three levels, as we emphasise already since so many years:
- (1) bilateral level: between India and Pakistan;
- (2) national level: between the Government of India, the J&K State Government and the representatives of the Kashmiri society;
- (3) internal level: between the different regions of J&K.
c. Some separatist leaders are floating the idea of partitioning J&K: ‘If Jammu region wants to go to India, let them go as it is impossible to compromise with them’ is what they say. On the other hand, APHC-M Chairman Mirwaiz Umar Farooq is completely against this perception. According to him J&K must remain united within the 1947 borders (see Par. 4. a.). If Mirwaiz is serious, it is high time the representatives of the two regions sit together and have a discussion in depth. The recent developments have shown that there is a deep rift between Jammu region and the Kashmir-Valley. If they should remain united, a compromise must be found based on mutual respect and trust. In addition, Ladakh may not be forgotten or left out: also here, a dialogue in depth and compromise is needed, as under the present circumstances the LUTF is more than ever stressing the need for obtaining Union Territory status.
… Rest of the Conclusions: d – q … , and (full text of the 19 pages).