ILO crisis response is involved in four types of emergencies (and pursues three pillars of work), though the programme’s units play different roles in each.
Boosting crisis response through decent work:
Crises threaten the number and quality of jobs, as well as human livelihoods, development, and social progress. But by mobilizing relevant actors for reconstruction, they can open a window of opportunity to promote decent work for a better future. Decent work pulls societies and individuals out of crises and fuels sustainable recovery and development. It can also break the links between poverty, vulnerability, and crises.
Decent work can pull people and societies out of crises:
ILO cannot ignore the increasing number and severity of armed conflicts, natural disasters, economic downturns and abrupt social and political transitions. Crises are, or can suddenly become, part of daily life in most developing countries. Their frequency is also increasing. They were 3.5 times as numerous in the 1990s as in the 1960s, with about 700 in 1999 alone. … // …
ILO can contribute substantial value added:
ILO’s main work areas – productive jobs, basic social protection, labour rights and social dialogue – constitute, together, a powerful strategy for socio-economic reconstruction, social inclusion and peacebuilding within and among communities. ILO has proven capacity and experience in programmes promoting the socio-economic reintegration of crisis-affected groups, as well as the rebuilding of physical infrastructure and institutional capacity. ILO can count on its network of some 65 offices worldwide and the ILO/CRISIS Team, which can mobilize swiftly and set in motion an ILO-wide crisis response.
Crises are key times to promote decent work:
Crises are crucial turning points for the societies they affect. They often lead to a disruption and questioning of past institutions and create a political will to “build back better”. Decent Work must play a central role in this process. It helps ILO tripartite constituents seek a more solid and crisis resistant development path, one reflecting and furthering people’s legitimate aspirations to decent livelihoods and progress. It can also muster up the significant national and international commitment and the human and financial resources needed for such a reshaping. Convincingly showing the value of a job-based approach to crises provides important strategic entry points for the ILO to promote decent work in crisis-affected countries.
Crises provide visibility for decent work and its value, even beyond these countries.
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