Source: TIMES NEWS NETWORK, NOVEMBER 25, 2006 – NEW DELHI: Under attack for its non-committal stand on China’s claim over Arunachal Pradesh, the CPM effected a subtle change of tack on Friday. For the first time since the controversy surrounding Chinese ambassador Sun Yuxi’s statements broke out, the party admitted in Parliament that Arunachal Pradesh was “an integral part of India”.
With the BJP targeting the CPM for being more beholden to China than India, the clash between the two political sides rocked Rajya Sabha as the BJP repeated its demand for a parliamentary resolution on the issue. Leader of the Opposition Jaswant Singh accused the CPM of not accepting that “China had committed an aggression” and hit out at the government as well as for “mortgaging” its foreign policy to the CPM. He went on to allege that the CPM did not accept India as its motherland and always looked up to Beijing and Moscow. His charge was met with loud protests from Left benches with CPM leader and politbureau member Sitaram Yechury terming Mr Singh’s statements a “painful allegation”. He added: “I assure the House of our stand that Arunachal Pradesh is an integral part of India.” (Read the whole article on above link).
Arunachal Pradesh’s gross state domestic product for 2004 is estimated at $706 million in current prices. According to report published by the Planning commission of India, Arunachal Pradesh’s Human Development Index (HDI) stood at 0.572 which is below the national average of 0.611. However, Arunachal Pradesh is one of the fastest growing states in India. In 1998, the Per Capita Net State Domestic Product of Arunachal Pradesh stood 3,571 INR up from 1,725 INR in 1982. The state’s labor force is comprised of 55.3% of the entire population. Approximately 398,000 people, i.e. 33.47% of the entire population live below the poverty line. In 2001, the state’s literacy rate was 54.74% while the infant mortality rate stood at 0.091.
The chart depicts the trend of the rise of gross state domestic product of Arunachal Pradesh at market prices: Year Gross State Domestic Product (in million INR); 1980 1,070; 1985 2,690; 1990 5,080; 1995 11,840; 2000 17,830. Agriculture is the primary driver of the economy. Jhum, the local word for shifting cultivation, which was widely practised among the tribal groups has come to be less practiced. Arunachal Pradesh has close to 61,000 square kilometers of forests, and the forest-products are the next most significant sector of the economy. Among the crops grown here are rice, maize, millet, wheat, pulses, sugarcane, ginger and oilseeds. Arunachal is also ideal for horticulture and fruit orchards. Its major industries are sawmills, plywood (these two trades however have been stopped by law), rice mills, fruit preservation units and handloom handicrafts. (See Economy of Arunachal on wikipedia).