by Rudo de Ruijte, Independent Researcher, Netherlands, published on Baltimore Chronicle & Sentinel, March 2, 2007
In the background of the political joust about Iran, a few countries are reshaping the world. They are taking possession of the global nuclear fuel market. New International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) regulations should keep newcomers away. The US, UK, France, Germany, Russia, China and Japan will become the world’s nuclear filling stations. Under the auspices of the IAEA these suppliers will dictate the rules, the prices and the currencies they want to get paid in. Iran has become the pretext and test case for their plans. The problems of tomorrow’s world economy are being shaped today.
Iran and the Non-Proliferation Treaty:
U.S. President Bush wants us to believe that Iran has plans for nuclear weapons. Well, we remember that in 2002 he accused Iraq of having weapons of mass destruction. That turned out to be a lie, so let us look more closely at the facts.
Iran has been a member state of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) from the very beginning in 1968. The NPT is a treaty not only to stop proliferation of nuclear arms, but also to help develop civil nuclear energy. In the treaty, the nuclear-weapon states (U.S., Russia, China, France and England) promised nuclear disarmament. (So far, they have not kept their promises.) The other members had to sign agreements with the IAEA, NPT’s watchdog, for the implementation of controls. IAEA’s agreement with Iran entered into force on May 15, 1974.
Iran’s nuclear history:
At that time Shah Reza ruled Iran. Thanks to the Anglo-U.S.’ Operation Ajax in 1953 he was still on the throne. From 1957 on, Shah Reza wanted to develop nuclear energy in Iran. The U.S. offered everything he wanted: a research reactor, enriched uranium and plutonium. The research reactor was started in 1967, but went critical soon after. Then the French became good friends too. They promised to repair the reactor. The Shah made a $1 billion loan to the French for the construction of an enrichment plant in Tricastin in the South of France. From 1974 on, still more countries offered their services to the Shah. Agreements followed for five reactors and fuel from France, two reactors and fuel from the U.S., regular purchases of uranium from Australia and two reactors from West Germany. Denmark delivered 10 kilos of highly enriched uranium and 25 kilos of natural uranium. Technical staff came in from Argentina and India, while Iranian students went to the U.K. and West Germany. Discussions took place with Pakistan and Turkey for regional nuclear cooperation. The Iranian budget for the atomic energy rose from $30 million in 1975 to $1 billion the following year, and still more reactors were ordered from the U.S. By the end of 1978, with not a single reactor completed, the Shah ran out of money. Meanwhile, popular opposition against the Shah’s blood-shedding oppression rose to a climax.
From shah Reza to Khomeini: (full long text).