Published on Global Research.ca (first on News Scientist), by Andy Coghlan and Debora MacKenzie, October 20, 2011. (My comment: UBS AG, which had to be sustained/saved with the Swiss people’s tax money, is on place 9, Credit Suisse Group on place 14, and Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc still exists in the 2007 used dataset on place 34).
1318 transnational corporations TCNs … form the core of the economy … see Graphic: The 1318 transnational corporations that form the core of the economy … An analysis of the relationships between 43,000 transnational corporations has identified a relatively small group of companies, mainly banks, with disproportionate power over the global economy.
The study’s assumptions have attracted some criticism, but complex systems analysts contacted by New Scientist say it is a unique effort to untangle control in the global economy. Pushing the analysis further, they say, could help to identify ways of making global capitalism more stable.
The idea that a few bankers control a large chunk of the global economy might not seem like news to New York’s Occupy Wall Street movement and protesters elsewhere (see photo). But the study, by a trio of complex systems theorists at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich (see also: Top Universities), is the first to go beyond ideology to empirically identify such a network of power. It combines the mathematics long used to model natural systems with comprehensive corporate data to map ownership among the world’s transnational corporations (TNCs).
Previous studies have found that a few TNCs own large chunks of the world’s economy, but they included only a limited number of companies and omitted indirect ownerships, so could not say how this affected the global economy – whether it made it more or less stable, for instance.
The Zurich team can. From Orbis 2007, a database listing 37 million companies and investors worldwide, they pulled out all 43,060 TNCs and the share ownerships linking them. Then they constructed a model of which companies controlled others through shareholding networks, coupled with each company’s operating revenues, to map the structure of economic power.
The work, to be published in PloS One, revealed a core of 1318 companies with interlocking ownerships (see image). Each of the 1318 had ties to two or more other companies, and on average they were connected to 20. What’s more, although they represented 20 per cent of global operating revenues, the 1318 appeared to collectively own through their shares the majority of the world’s large blue chip and manufacturing firms – the “real” economy – representing a further 60 per cent of global revenues … (full text).
Link – see also: Britain, France, US: And the Winner is … In the Lifestyle Sweepstakes, the Answer is None of the Above, by Eric Walberg, October 20, 2011.