If leaders of the U.S. government realize that greenhouse gases are causing world temperatures to rise, why don’t they do something about stopping it? – Published on Socialist Worker, by Paul D’Amato, May 25, 2012.
ONE OF the notable features of capitalism is that the system really does seem to promote the “hard” sciences. In the social sciences, on the other hand, academics invent superficial theories that obscure reality more than explain it.
People constantly make jokes about how economists can’t really predict what’s going to happen in the economy. But when was the last time you heard a joke about quantum mechanics or relativity theory not being able to explain what happens in the universe?
The reason is that capitalists need science – getting behind the appearances to try to understand, through experimentation and mathematical calculation, the inner workings of nature – in order to expand production.
That doesn’t mean that there isn’t wrong science. But the constant drive toward the technological innovation – as capitalists compete to find cheaper ways to produce goods and to push their competitors out of the market – makes science a necessary part of capitalist development.
Military competition between the world’s most powerful capitalist states prompts governments to spend huge sums on the best means to kill the largest number of people – and that requires good science. So Albert Einstein’s theories helped pave the way for the atomic bomb that devastated Hiroshima.
The kind of science that is pursued – and the way it’s pursued – is therefore constrained by the social relations of capitalism. Scientists devote more of their time to discovering the military applications of scientific discoveries than they do to finding a cure for cancer.
Medical scientists who work for major pharmaceutical companies are concerned not with curing diseases but with producing drugs whose sale will turn a profit. There is more money in finding ways to sell a cocktail of drugs that reduces the symptoms of AIDS than there is in finding a cure.
According to the International Red Cross, only 2 percent of an global public and private biomedical research is devoted to the major killer diseases in the developing world – AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis. Global military spending in 1995 topped $864 billion, while spending on the prevention and control of AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria was only $15 billion.
Likewise, though scientists are perfectly aware that emissions of so-called greenhouse gases are causing world temperatures to rise to dangerous levels, the U.S. ruling class regularly blocks efforts to reduce pollution levels.
Why? It would cut into profits.
THE AIDS crisis in Africa highlights capitalism’s indifference to the human suffering it causes … (full text).
(First published in the February 2, 2001-issue of Socialist Worker).