For quick reference, this article contains the following sections:
Introduction: Christmas at Grafitos
Part I: The Birth and Development of Plan Socialist Guayana
- i) Venezuela’s Worker Control Movement
- ii) The Nationalisation of Sidor and the Birth of Plan Socialist Guayana
- iii) So what is the PGS?
- iv) The Progress of Plan Socialist Guayana 2009 – 2012
Part II: The Promise, Politics and Problems of the PGS
- i) Venezuela’s Worker Control Debate
- ii) The Political Forces Opposed to Worker Control in Guayana
- iii) 2012: Increasingly Public Conflict over Plan Socialist Guayana
Conclusion … //
The course of the struggle for worker control in Venezuela has highlighted important characteristics of the Bolivarian revolution, as well as containing important lessons for movements for radical social change globally.
One of these characteristics is the on-going, and perhaps growing, internal contradiction in the Bolivarian revolution between the bureaucracy and politically reformist elements which, both consciously and unconsciously, act to slow continued social, economic and political transformation, and a more radical wing committed to a deeper process of revolutionary change.
On a positive note, the coming together of the Patriotic Committees in Guayana demonstrated the extent to which grassroots organisations in the region are working together and are able to unite to resist attempts to undermine the Plan Socialist Guayana. That said, these groups were unable to prevent the dismissal of Elio Sayago from Alcasa, showing that the bureaucracy have the power to put the PGS in real danger from being realised.
It is important to point out that the worker control movement is one part of a varied and exciting process underway in Venezuela, encompassing community councils, communes, community media, women’s, LGBT, afro-descendent and indigenous groups, and radical government policies domestically and internationally, from social programs to solidarity-based international alliances such as the ALBA (Alliance for the Bolivarian Peoples of our America). The political spaces available to push the worker control movement forward will be partly determined, not only by workers’ ability to organise and struggle, but also by the general direction the revolution takes in the coming months and years.
Author Steve Ellner has observed how the Bolivarian revolution can be characterised by cycles of radicalisation, often driven in response to successfully fighting off attacks from the opposition.[lxiii] Will a strong election victory for Chavez in October mark a move against internal barriers to further radical transformation in Venezuela? In the election campaign on 26 July, Chavez highlighted his awareness of the problems of bureaucracy in state institutions, when he spoke of the importance of self-criticism and the need to correct existing errors in the revolutionary process. He personally addressed the bureaucracy, saying that “the office, the meetings, the analysis, the air conditioning, the chauffeur and the good salary; that’s not worth anything, what matters is the commitment with the people, that’s why we’re here”.
Finally, by what has been achieved so far, Venezuela’s worker control movement demonstrates to the world that workers can indeed collectively self-manage their factories and workplaces, and that capitalist hierarchies and divisions of labour are not the only, nor best, way of organising economic life. By running production in a collectively democratic manner, workers’ alienation from their labour and the unfair distribution of produced resources can be overcome, while leading to the greater education and consciousness of workers. Such a model can also benefit society as a whole, as production is geared toward the needs of society and not profit for capitalists, and lays the basis for deeper economic and social transformation. In the context of austerity being imposed by an elite upon peoples across Europe and North America as a result of the latest crisis of capitalism, worker control in Venezuela is another example of not only how another, better, world is possible, but also what that world could look like.
(full huge long text and Endnotes).
PGS: on the disambiguation page on en.wikipedia;
or: Participatory Guarantee Systems PGS: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Participatory_Guarantee_Systems_PGS;
Fanning The Flames of the Euro Crisis: Europe’s 10 Most Dangerous Politicians, on Spiegel Online International, a commentary by SPIEGEL ONLINE Staff, August 8, 2012: the tone in the euro debate is becoming more aggressive. Bavarian Finance Minister Markus Söder said on Sunday that Greece must be ‘made an example of.’ Politicians in other countries are resorting to similarly provocative rhetoric. Ten populists are whipping up sentiment — and thereby worsening the crisis … (Photo Gallery: Reckless Rhetoric from Europe’s Populists – 10 photos);
Siena’s Financial Fiasco: Downfall of a Tuscan Paradise, on Spiegel Online International, by Alexander Smoltczyk in Siena, Italy, August 7, 2012: Monte dei Paschi di Siena, the world’s oldest bank, took five centuries to accumulate its wealth — and three years to gamble it away. Its fall from grace is a disaster for its home city of Siena, which relied on distributed profits from the bank. Now the picturesque Tuscan city is trying to come to terms with the new reality … (Photo-Gallery);
Belarus hoping for ride on Moscow-Beijing train, on RT.com, August 7, 2012.