… The two greatest human catastrophes of the 20th century were World War I (10 million deaths) and World War II (62 million deaths).
In February 2002, neocon journalist Norman Podhoretz (a leading warmonger who is currently senior adviser to Republican presidential candidate Rudy Giuliani) wrote an article calling for a new world war. He did it again in an article titled “World War IV: How It Started, What It Means, and Why We Have to Win” (Commentary magazine, September 2004), calling for what he called “World War IV”, i.e. a war against the country of Iran that he demonized by calling its leaders “Islamofascists”, who cannot be trusted with having nuclear weapons as can some other countries in the region that already have them (Israel, Russia, Pakistan, India).
Podhoretz and other fellow neocons label their pet world war “World War IV” because they have decided that the Cold War was really World War III.
As a matter of fact, there never was a Third World War between the nuclear-armed USA and the USSR. Indeed, because of the policy of containment and deterrence, such a nuclear holocaust was avoided and the world lived through the last half of the 20th century in relative peace … (full text).