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Index October 2006

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Why Does the WTO Want My Water?

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Linked with Lori Wallach – USA, with Public Citizen’s Global Trade Watch, and with The Public Citizen.

Published on March 5, 2003, by CommonDreams.org, written by Lori Wallach, director of Public Citizen’s Global Trade Watch:

When most people think about trade, they conjure up images of ships laden with sacks of coffee and steel beams ferrying between nations, and trade agreements focusing on cutting tariffs and quotas on trade in goods. In reality however, today’s “trade agreements,” such as the 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the 1995 World Trade Organization (WTO), have little to do with trade. Instead they focus on granting foreign companies new rights and privileges within the boundaries of other countries, on constraining federal, state and local regulatory policies and on commodifying public services and common resources, such as water, into new tradable units for profit.

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China’s Policy in the Gulf Region

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From Neglect to Necessity

by PINR, Power and Interest News Report, of 27 October 2006 – China is a relatively new player in the Middle East and in the Persian Gulf in particular. Whereas Egypt was the first Arab country to establish diplomatic relations with China, it was not until 1990 that Beijing had established ties with all of the littoral states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (G.C.C.). The G.C.C. consists of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, Bahrain and Qatar … (Read all on this PINR article).

Online Training for NGOs

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An Online Training by ‘Refugee Education Sponsorship Program‘ – SOFT SKILLS AND MANAGEMENT ABILITIES IN NGO ENVIRONMENTS, online training, next session 21 november to 10 december 2006:

Specially focusing on professionals and volunteers working in the field of development, humanitarian aid and related topics that demand and need something more than the formal training, given by their organizations, in the practical subjects they are working with. The development of all soft-skills that could maximize the effectiveness of our work is becoming more and more demanded and critical when hiring someone in the highly difficult field of assisting others.

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India vs China in the markets

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by Chan Akya, Oct. 28, 2006 – The recent announcement of a bid for a British-Dutch steel company (Corus) by India’s Tata group has passed without raising much hue and cry in the United Kingdom or the Netherlands. The tempered reaction contrasts with the noise raised by French and Belgian lawmakers against a proposed takeover of Arcelor by Mittal earlier this year, which resulted in a transaction despite their objections – in other words, Mittal impressed shareholders enough to override political objections.

These successes by Indian businessmen are in contrast with the more labored path that Chinese companies find themselves exposed to when trying to buy foreign companies. US Congress members raised a ruckus when the China National Offshore Oil Corp (CNOOC) attempted to take over Unocal last year, and when Haier attempted to buy Maytag. In both cases political opposition culminated in the bids being withdrawn by the Chinese companies. (Read the rest of this long article on Asia Times online).

WSIS online collaboration platform on UNESCO

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After the Consultation Meetings on WSIS Action Lines in Geneva (12 May 2006), Paris (16 19 October 2006) and Beijing (22 October 2006), UNESCO will launch its role as facilitator for six of the eleven Action Lines. A main modality of UNESCOs facilitation role action will be the establishment of an online platform for the implementation process. The platform will play a crucial role to establish networks between the different stakeholders and help them to coordinate their WSIS Action Lines implantation.

In order to create the most suitable and comfortable platform for future collaboration, UNESCO has launched an online survey to gather information on the needs of the multistakeholder community. We would appreciate it if you could take some minutes to answer the questionnaire which is online at this UNESCO page:

Survey on the use of an online collaboration platform for the WSIS Action Line facilitation. The following survey is divided in three parts:

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Economic Development – Human Development

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Links to just new postings:

Some substantial links:

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… considering Economics and Environmental Impact

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Multiobjective Optimization considering Economics and Environmental Impact.

Abstract: This papere is devoted to an application of MOOP (multi-objective optimizaion programming) concept to the pratical field of chemical engineering for taking the trade-off between economics and pollution with appropriate analysis method. … (To read all the rest go to this page of ProSimPlus, and see also its Homepage).

Oxfam, the IMF and the World Bank

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What happened at this years Annual Meetings?

The Annual Meetings of the IMF and World Bank in Singapore marked the start of the Global Call to Action against Poverty (GCAP) Month of Action. Oxfam was at the Annual Meetings campaigning with its colleagues in GCAP and the Global Campaign for Education.

Oxfam decided to join a civil society boycott of the official World Bank and IMF civil society forum, in solidarity with 28 civil society representatives, who were arbitrarily denied access to attend the meetings by the Singapore Government. Over 200 civil society groups supported this boycott which succeeded in pressurizing the Singapore government to backing down and allowing the activists in, although too late to allow them to attend.

Oxfams analysis

Following the outcome of these meeting, Oxfam made statements on the following issues: Go to this site of OXFAM and read all.

Remember again Oxfam’s Global Action against Poverty.

Creation of a Global Trade Facility

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AsiaSource.org interviews Dr Supachai Panitchpakdi, the Secretary-General of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), on September 14, 2006.

Excerpt: … Question: At a recent UNCTAD meeting, Joseph Stiglitz argued for the creation of a Global Trade Facility and said, “Financial assistance to help poorer nations cope with increasingly open world trade- a concept known as “aid for trade” – should be expanded, quantified and guaranteed by industrialized countries.” Do you think that efforts along these lines have thus far been adequate?

Answer: The members of WTO have mandated Director-General Lamy to work on the concept by setting up a task force. The task force had already completed its work in July. So at the moment we are looking at the report of the task force and in the next couple of months WTO, together with Bretton Woods institutions and UN agencies, will try to come to grips with the implementation part of it.

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Strategies and Preparedness for Trade and Globalisation in India

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Linked with Pierre Salama – France, with La dcennie perdue et la finance vicieuse , and with Rethinking Financial Dependency.

This is a Project of Ministry of Commerce (GOI), UNCTAD and DFID.

You may download here all the texts given at the International Conference on “Development in Open Economies“, New Delhi, 1-3 April 2004.

Rethinking Financial Dependency

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Linked with Pierre Salama – France, with Strategies and Preparedness for Trade and Globalisation in India, and with La dcennie perdue et la finance vicieuse .

Excerpt: … (see page 3, download the rest of this 38 pages on UNCTAD India.org): The financial crisis did not have the same significance in the eighties as in the nineties. In both cases it resembled a Ponzi- type crisis as applied to the State : domestic resources were not sufficient to service the debt in its entirety. In the eighties, the country had to sign letters of intent in order to obtain involuntary credits to supplement the countrys own resources. In the nineties access to international financial markets was renewed but this did not exclude recourse to involuntary credits. In the earlier period, debt servicing generated hyperinflation and a large internal debt. The drop in purchasing power was a consequence of both inflation and the economic crisis. For a large part of the population, the most impoverished, pauperization was absolute. In the second case, the debt was serviced during a period of economic recovery with a significant increase in labour productivity. Financial dependence led to the relative pauperization of a significant portion of the population, except in times of financial crisis or when incomes levels declined. This is what we will try to show. The lost decade and vicious financing The development of financial activities is not parasitical by nature. Generally, firms operate in a macroeconomic environment over which they do not ordinarily have much control, and they do so on the basis of very limited information.

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La dcennie perdue et la finance vicieuse

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Linked with Pierre Salama – France, with Rethinking Financial Dependency, and with Strategies and Preparedness for Trade and Globalisation in India.

Excerpt: … (par Pierre Salama) Lessor des activits financires nest pas, par nature, parasitaire. Dune manire gnrale, les entreprises agissent dans un environnement macroconomique sur lequel elles ont en gnral peu de prise, et elles le font galement dans un contexte d’information incomplte. La complexit de la production aujourd’hui augmente l’incertitude quant la rentabilit des projets. La couverture de ces risques nouveaux conduit au dveloppement de produits financiers galement complexes. A ce titre, le march financier condition quil soit suffisamment grand et diversifi, ce qui nest pas le cas en Amrique latine -, peut permettre l’essor de technologies nouvelles et assurer par consquent la conversion de l’appareil de production vers la fabrication de produits industriels de plus en plus sophistiqus en crant des produits financiers adapts au risque. Les exportations de produits complexes ncessitent non seulement l’intervention des banques et le montage d’un “package” financier complexe et original, mais aussi l’utilisation de produits financiers dits drivs devant couvrir une srie de risques dont celui du change. Ainsi la complexification du march financier, quant ses produits et leur jeu, est, dans une certaine mesure, la consquence de la complexification de la production. Cette complexification financire prend son envol avec la libralisation financire (dcloisonnement, dsintermdiation et drglementation).

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Looking back on Pakistan

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One year ago, Northern Pakistan was hit by a devastating earthquake that killed more than 73,000 people and damaged and destroyed 600,000 homes. The UN refugee agencys Emergency Response Teams were quickly on the ground, distributing tents to quake survivors. One year later, our teams are still working in these communities providing desperately needed long-term reconstruction assistance to victims of the earthquake.

With your support, the UN refugee agency provided the following life-saving assistance to earthquake survivors:

21,000 tents
115,000 plastic sheets
850,000 blankets
38,000 mattresses and,
25,000 heaters/stoves.

Once the immediate emergency phase ended, the hard work of rebuilding began. The onset of spring saw our ERTeams help more than 140,000 people to return home and start rebuilding their homes, their communities and their lives.

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The Decline of the American Empire

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Linked with Gabriel Kolko – USA, with The United States, & the End of the European Coalition, and with The death of deterrence.

by Gabriel Kolko, January 4, 2006, on LewRockwell.com:

The dilemma the US has had for a half-century is that the priorities it must impose on its budget and its imperial plans have never guided its actual behavior and action. It has always believed, as well it should, that Europe and its control would determine the future of world power. But it has fought in Korea, Vietnam, and now Iraq the so-called “Third World” in general where the stakes of power were much smaller.

The American priorities were specific, focused on individual nations, but they also set the United States the task of guiding or controlling the entire world which is a very big place and has proven time and again to be far beyond American resources and imperial power.

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talents musicaux inconnus et l’internet

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Lanc par deux anciens cadres suprieurs nerlandais reconvertis dans l’Internet, le site Sellaband fait le lien entre talents musicaux inconnus et fans dsireux de les produire, selon un systme dpassant les clivages autour du tlchargement gratuit. “Ce site, c’est l’oeuf de Colomb”, s’crie Johan Vosmeijer, ancien directeur des ventes au Benelux chez Sony, qui a tout quitt pour les locaux austres d’une start-up d’Amsterdam, ne de la rflexion de son compatriote Pim Betist, ancien manager chez Shell.

Sur http://www.sellaband.com/, l’internaute peut couter la production de groupes inconnus et si leur musique lui plat, en acheter des parts 10 dollars pice. Une fois atteinte la barre des 50.000 dollars, un premier album est produit, et les investisseurs, au moyen du chat qui leur est rserv, peuvent influencer les choix artistiques de leurs poulains. Le CD arrive ensuite dans les bacs, mais est galement tlchargeable gratuitement et lgalement sur le site, qui s’acquitte des droits d’auteur.

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The death of deterrence

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Linked with Gabriel Kolko – USA, with Iraq, The United States, & the End of the European Coalition, and with The Decline of the American Empire.

Text by Gabriel Kolko, (Read the whole long article on Asia Times, August 30, 2006).

The United States had a monopoly of nuclear weaponry only a few years before other nations challenged it, but from 1949 until roughly the 1990s, deterrence theory worked – nations knew that if they used the awesome bomb, they were likely to be devastated in the riposte.

Despite such examples of brinkmanship as the Cuban missile crisis and numerous threats of nuclear annihilation against non-nuclear powers, by and large the few nations that possessed the bomb concluded that nuclear war was not worth its horrendous risks.

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Iraq, The United States, & the End of the European Coalition

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Linked with Gabriel Kolko – USA, with The death of deterrence, and with The Decline of the American Empire.

by Gabriel Kolko, this article is not dated, must be around Spring-Summer 2003/Notes, see on The Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation.

We are experiencing the equivalent of a geopolitical earthquake.

The disintegration of the Soviet bloc permitted American unilateralism on a scale the modern world has never seen. But with its war against Iraq the United States for the first time openly massed its military power and then invaded another nation, justifying the war in the name of the elimination of weapons of mass destruction and “regime change.” At the same time, it staked the very future of its existing alliances – NATO above all – but also the United Nations. NATO’s demise is a major outcome of the war against Iraq.

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Biz/ed

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Economy is the basis of our live, we are rich, or poor, or somewhere in the mid of it and the Economy is one of the most important tools by which our economic situation goes on.

Found Biz/ed, an online help for students, and for all of us wanting understand a bit better some economic basis concepts. Biz/ed updated is their actual new formula. They write:

Biz/ed is evolving: For the last ten years, Biz/ed has provided a range of comprehensive and authoritative teaching and learning resources to support Business, Economics, Accounting and Leisure & Tourism qualifications. Now Biz/ed is starting to evolve, and there are going to be a few changes that we would like to keep you informed about.

See mindmap.

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Lebanon’s Stability is Key to that of the Region

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Linked with Samir Makdisi – Lebanon.

(AP-Naharnet Homepage) Beirut, Oct. 11, 2006 – Italian Prime Minister Romano Prodi gave his moral support to war-ravaged Lebanon on Wednesday, saying the country’s stability was key to that of the Middle East. Prodi, who arrived in Lebanon late Tuesday, held separate talks with Lebanese Prime Minister Fouad Saniora and Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri on the U.N. peacekeeping operation in south Lebanon, to which Italy is the leading contributor nation. … // … “The stability of Lebanon is the instrument toward stability of the area,” Prodi told reporters after his talks with Saniora. Prodi pledged to secure a prisoners’ swap with Israel. … // … Secretary General Kofi Annan has appointed a secret envoy to negotiate the release of the Israeli soldiers, which is required under the U.N. cease-fire resolution. … // … Italy, Lebanon’s number-one trading partners, has “several ideas on how to participate in the early recovery of Lebanon,” Saniora said. … // … Saniora expressed appreciation for what he called Italy’s “strong participation” in the U.N. operation. Italy is contributing 2,500 troops to the U.N.’s expanded peacekeeping force in southern Lebanon, assembled under the U.N. Security Council resolution that ended the conflict between Israel and Hizbullah.

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Lebanon’s economy after the war

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Linked with Samir Makdisi – Lebanon.

Al Bawaba (Homepage), October 05, 2006 – Restoring bridges over political troubled water: Earlier this month, Lebanons parliamentary majority leader Saad Hariri warned that Lebanon should not miss the golden opportunity to receive significant aid from Arab states and the international community. … // … Hariri also mentioned the compensation mechanism for the private sector which is being established by Seniora government. In addition, he spoke about incentives and tax reductions which will be granted to business owners through agreements to be signed with various Arab and Islamic funds, the International Monetary Fund, and the World Bank. Hariri pointed to the connection between the need to maintain political and security calm and the actual arrival of the much-needed funds.

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Lebanon’s economy is expected to shrink

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Linked with Samir Makdisi – Lebanon.

See Lebanon’s Economy also on wikipedia.

Reuters/AlJazera.net, 09 October 2006 – by five per cent this year, and 15 pecent next year, an International Monetary Fund official said … The IMF estimates that Lebanon suffered about $3.5 billion in damage caused by Israel bombardment and the forced sea and air blockade. “We underestimated the impact of the blockade,” said Khan in Dubai.

“It had a far more serious impact than we thought. The bulk of Lebanon’s revenues come from customs and 90 per cent of that comes from the Beirut port and the airport.”

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The United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon UNIFIL

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Linked with Samir Makdisi – Lebanon.

UNIFIL says it boosts Lebanon’s economy – Reuters, Oct. 5, 2006: U.N. peacekeepers went on a public relations campaign in Lebanon on Thursday, explaining in a statement how the presence of their beefed-up force would benefit the struggling Lebanese economy.

The United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) is monitoring a truce that ended a war between Israel and Hizbollah guerrillas on Aug. 14. The force, along with Lebanese army troops, is now in control of virtually all of south Lebanon.

The U.N. Security Council authorised increasing the number of UNIFIL peacekeepers from 2,000 before the war to up to 15,000 and gave it robust rules of engagement to maintain the peace.

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World Congress of NGOs

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WANGO, the World Association of NGOs, holds its annual World Congress of NGOs at the Mvenpick Resort and Spa, Dead Sea, Jordan, from November 30 to December 3, 2006.

NGO representatives from more than 70 nations, as well as prominent international and national leaders from the governmental, intergovernmental and for-profit sectors will gather for this unprecedented event. The Congress will include:

- Exploration of issues of fundamental import for the non-profit community
- Unprecedented opportunity for networking
- Over 90 presenters
- Variety of session formats for presenting ideas, issues, and practical resources of assistance to NGOs:

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Des logiciels pour piocher la tlvision gratuite sur Internet

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par Guillaume Deleurence, 01net – PeerTV et MaxTV permettent d’accder aux flux tlvisuels gratuits. Des outils plus ou moins accepts par les groupes de mdias.

Il existe sur la Toile bon nombre de flux tlvisuels gratuits, mis en ligne par les chanes elles-mmes en streaming, ou par des webTV spcialises, en mode peer to peer. Pour viter d’avoir jongler entre les diffrentes adresses et accder des centaines de chanes facilement, des logiciels se proposent d’agir comme des interfaces uniques et simplifies.

C’est le cas du franais MaxTV Online* (disponible en version gratuite et payante) et de PeerTV (gratuit), un outil franais lui aussi lanc dbut septembre. Une fois le logiciel install, l’internaute clique dans une liste sur le nom voulu. Aprs un temps ncessaire la connexion – durant lequel MaxTV, pour sa version gratuite, en profite pour afficher de la publicit – apparaissent alors les images demandes.

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Economic reconstruction and development in South-East Europe

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Read all this and much more on weitzenegger.de – The website for International Development Cooperation, and its (english) Newsletter.

An European Commission / World Bank initiative to provide a real-time working tool and help donors identify the current situation in South-East Europe and the macroeconomic needs of the countries. Also provides an additional way for donors to coordinate their assistance.

click here for (a beautiful) regional map of South-East-Europe.

The Joint Office for South East Europe was set up in 1999 to support the European Commission / World Bank in their Joint role as coordinators of international assistance for the reconstruction and development of South East Europe (SEE). The work of the office is underpinned by three core interrelated functions: Continue Reading…

ILO crisis response and Reconstruction Programme

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Read all this and much more on weitzenegger.de – The website for International Development Cooperation, and its (english) Newsletter.

From the International Labour Organisation ILO

ILO crisis response is involved in four types of emergencies (and pursues three pillars of work), though the programmes units play different roles in each.

Boosting crisis response through decent work:

Crises threaten the number and quality of jobs, as well as human livelihoods, development, and social progress. But by mobilizing relevant actors for reconstruction, they can open a window of opportunity to promote decent work for a better future. Decent work pulls societies and individuals out of crises and fuels sustainable recovery and development. It can also break the links between poverty, vulnerability, and crises.

Decent work can pull people and societies out of crises:

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Canadian Mining Project in Ecuador

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Linked with Elsie Monge – Ecuador, and with A Human Rights Council’s statement.

by Cyril Mychalejko, September 25, 2006 on ZNet:

Excerpt: … Now welcome to Intag, Ecuador, home to Ascendant’s Junin Project, where one sign (among many) posted on a local road reads: “The Communities of Junin, Cerro Pelado, Barcelona, El Triunfo and Villaflora do not permit mining.” The company is awaiting confirmation from the Ecuadorian government to begin the exploration phase for a potential open-pit copper mine in these areas.

According to human rights organizations and lawyers representing many residents of the region, the company’s activities in the area are anything but socially responsible and even amount to complicity in human rights abuses with the Ecuadorian government.

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European banks and Africa’s wealth

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Linked with Joy DeGruy-Leary – USA, Assuming Authority, and with Shocking Lancet Study about Haiti.

Added March 9, 2007: Linked also with Zakari Tata Askira – Nigeria, and with LIMITING DOCTORS AND LAWYERS – WRONG ANSWER.

Found this article on 3 websites: First on News from Africa, 15 September 2006, by Zakari Tata Askira (Source: Global Afrikan Congress) – see article below, and slightly different on Nigeria World, July 2006, also by Zakari Tata Askira, and also on AfricaFiles:

Western countries have been silent about the role of European banks in the transfer of fortunes to their countries. This wealth can only leave Africa with the willing partnership of these banks. This process keeps African countries dependent on handouts. While they continue to blame our governments they do not stop their banks from receiving the money. By current acceptable standards of European law the willing keeper of stolen goods is equally guilty.

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Stand up against poverty

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I got this mail yesterday: Dear Heidi, The Global Month of Action, ‘Stand Up Against Poverty’, got off to a great start with events taking place around the world. Campaigners in Singapore, Liberia, Indonesia, Belgium, Scotland and many other countries started the Month of Action with a bang and took action to protest against the damaging effects of World Bank and IMF policies on developing countries. There are many more events and activities to come until the month of action ends on 17 October, World Poverty Day. Reply To: Oxfam-mail.

Get an update on what happened at the World Bank and IMF meetings:

Find out more about Stand Up events taking place around the world.

WHAT YOU CAN DO TO STAND UP AGAINST POVERTY:

Wear your white band – if you haven’t got one, make one from white paper or material, or buy one from Oxfams on-line store.

Take part in a stand up event near you.

Organise your own event – contact local cinemas, theatres, concerts or other audience-focused events and ask them to all stand up before the event starts. Take a look at the toolkit for more ideas.

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India and Central Asia: Vanishing distances

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Linked with Firdous Tabasum – Kashmir.

by DR. TABASUM FIRDOUS, lecturer Central of Central Asia Studies, University of Kashmir. She is also member of our NGO:

In this globalized world when distances do not matter, nations come closer, people interact at ease, Central Asia too is no longer a forbidden land that lies on the other side of hedge for the world in general and India in particular.

In recent years, especially after the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991, Central Asian region has come under a sharp focus. With the physical presence of the US in some of the Central Asian States (CAS), geo-strategy of the entire region has undergone a conspicuous change.

Central Asia is no more a forbidden region for the West and for the world. It is no more behind the iron curtain. Western powers as well as neighboring countries all are eager to find a foothold in the CAS. Their success depends on the agenda they are pursuing and the programmes they would like to undertake. India is a big country in South Asian region. She is also an emerging economic power. Naturally she would also like to make some impact in the new strategy in South Asian region as well as the Central Asian region.

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Somalia – profiles, facts and reports

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Linked with Elmi Asha Hagi Amin – Somalia, with Ayaan Hirsi Ali – ex Somalia & Netherlands (now USA), with Nuruddin Farah – Somalia, and with Save Somali Women and Children SSWC.

Find on WomenWarPeace.org:

Secretary-General: Latest Report to Security Council October 2005

Security Council: Latest Resolution, October 2005Int. Committee of the Red Cross: IHL Treaty Database, Somalia

To browse all the following links, go to this page of WomenWarPeace.org:

  • UNDP: Country Page, Human Development Indicators
  • World Bank: Somalia Country Brief
  • UNFPA: Population and Reproductive Health Profile of Somalia
  • UNICEF: Country Statistics for Somalia
  • World Health Organization: Country Profile for Somalia
  • UNAIDS: Country Fact Sheet
  • Relief Web: Country Backgrounder
  • Food and Agricultural Organization: Country Profile
  • Human Rights Commission: Reports and Resolutions
  • OCHA: Consolidated Humanitarian Appeal
  • Amnesty International: Country Page
  • Human Rights Watch: Country Page Landmine Monitor: Country Profile
  • BBC: Country Profiles

Lessons for US Policy in the Arab World

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Linked with Bradford Dillman – USA, with undergraduate study of International Political Economy, and with Illicit International Transactions.

Algerias Parliamentary Elections, Lessons for US Policy in the Arab World, by Bradford Dillman, June 11, 2002 – The results of Algerias May 30th (2002) parliamentary elections should be cause for concern in Washington. Not only do the elections provide an example of the dire state of Arab domestic politics, they also pose important challenges for American policy in the war on terrorism.

Violence and Boycotts Hamper Polling:

Last weeks parliamentary elections took place in the context of violence and public apathy. The two main Berber opposition parties, the Front of Socialist Forces (FFS) and the Rally for Culture and Democracy (RCD), along with a number of prominent opposition leaders, called for an election boycott. Berbers staged civil disobedience, intifada-style, which prevented almost all voting in the Kabylie region. Turnout at the polls nationally was only 47%, the lowest in Algerias history. Turnout in the capital, Algiers, was officially only 32%.

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Illicit International Transactions

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Linked with Bradford Dillman – USA, with undergraduate study of International Political Economy, and with Lessons for US Policy in the Arab World.

Implications for Reconstruction in Iraq, Palestine, and Algeria – DRAFT, NOT FOR CITATION, by Bradford Dillman, Assistant Professor of International Political Economy, The University of Puget Sound, 1500 N. Warner St., #1057, Tacoma, WA 98416, Mail, 253-879-3594.

This text is from a workshop on Rebuilding Devastated Economies in the Middle East, G.E. von Grunebaum Center for Near Eastern Studies, UCLA, Session II, February 3-5, 2005.

For more than a decade, violence has devastated the economies of Iraq, the Palestinian Territories, and Algeria. All three nations are beset with high unemployment, degraded infrastructure, and low or negative per capita economic growth.

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Le livret A et les requins de la haute finance

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Le monopole du Livret A: le gouvernement franais remet sa copie Bruxelles, par Eve SZEFTEL, sept. 29, 2006:

D’abord mon commentaire: comme si la concurrence entre banques allait dans le sense de plus de service pour les conomiquement faibles. Non, cela ira uniquement dans le sens de plus de profit pour les banques. Et nous, perdant financirement par petites tranches, on nous manipulera certainement mieux dans le futur. Que vont-ils encore inventer, si on laisse faire?

PARIS (AFP) – Le gouvernement franais devait dfendre vendredi auprs de la Commission europenne le maintien du monopole de distribution du Livret A par les Caisses d’Epargne et la Banque Postale que Bruxelles pourrait remettre en cause. La Commission a lanc fin juin une procdure d’infraction l’encontre de la France, lui demandant de justifier les “droits spciaux” accords la Banque Postale et l’Ecureuil en matire de distribution du Livret A, dtenu par 46 millions de Franais.

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