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Index April 2007

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Political Islam and Europe

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Linked with Robert Springborg – UK AU USA Egypt etc, with Geneva Centre for the DEMOCRATIC CONTROL OF ARMED FORCES DCAF, and with 4th General Conference of the ECPR.

Published on CEPS Centre for European Policy Studies, Working Document No. 264/April 2007, by Robert Springborg:

Views from the Arab Mediterranean States and Turkey

Abstract: The social, political and economic power of moderate Middle East and North African Islamist movements has been growing for a generation or so. The question of how to deal with Islamists who reject violence, embrace democracy and outperform their competitors at the polls has therefore become a central concern not only of incumbent Middle East elites, but also of interested foreign actors such as the EU and US. Robert Springborg sees the need for the EU to clarify its policies towards the MENA region and Muslim democrats within it. The present lack of EU policies on engaging with moderate Islamists leads them to be at best curious about the EU and at worse to be suspicious of it. Engagement might itself help to contribute to policy formation in this important area, and serve as a vehicle to disseminate information about relevant EU policies.

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4th General Conference of ECPR

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Linked with Robert Springborg – UK AU USA Egypt etc, with Geneva Centre for the DEMOCRATIC CONTROL OF ARMED FORCES DCAF, and with Political Islam and Europe.

Fourth General Conference of the European Consortium for Political Research ECPR, to be held on 6-8 September 2007 in Pisa, Italy.

This conference will host a section devoted to the study of intelligence governance. The section will be jointly organised by the Geneva Graduate Institute for International Relations, the John Moore University in Liverpool and DCAF.

Registration and all informations:

Excerpt of one of the proposed sections: Perspectives on Intelligence Governance.

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Corporate Accountability

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Is Self Regulation The Answer? By Kavaljit Singh, 24 April, 2007,

Excerpt: … The Limits of Voluntary Approaches

Voluntary approaches have several inherent weaknesses and operational difficulties, some of which are summarized here:

  • First, as discussed above, corporate codes are purely voluntary, non-binding instruments. No corporation can be held legally accountable for violating them. The responsibility to implement the code rests entirely on the corporation. At best, corporations can be forced to implement codes only through moral persuasion and public pressure.
  • Second, despite being in existence for many years, the number of companies adopting such codes is still relatively small. Moreover, corporate codes are limited to a few sectors, particularly those in which brand names are important in corporate sales, such as garments, footwear, consumer goods, and retailing businesses. A large number of other sectors remain outside the purview of corporate codes.
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China Claims Success on Darfur

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Amidst a flurry of diplomatic moves timed to coincide with the one-year anniversary of the failed Darfur peace agreement, Khartoum sent a letter to the U.N. secretary general accepting the “heavy support package” of an additional 3,000 troops to patrol its lawless western province. In effect, Sudan would be accepting the second phase of the U.N. Security Council’s plan to replace the current African Union peacekeepers with a U.N.-led force.

While Washington and London are gearing up for stronger punitive actions against Sudan if Khartoum does not accept a larger U.N. force, or what the Bush administration has dubbed “Plan B,” China has held several meetings with Sudanese officials, pushing for closer relations and a more “flexible” approach to Darfur. The Sino-Sudanese dialogue is exemplary of China’s new approach to African issues that PINR described in February in which China has loosened its “non-interference” policy in certain circumstances. (full long text).

Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network

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(version française, version arabe).

Working Group on Human Rights Education HRE & Youth,

Who we are:
- A network of 82 human rights organisations, institutions and individuals based in 30 countries in the Euro-Mediterranean region,
- Established in 1997 in response to the Barcelona Declaration and the establishment of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership,
- With a membership adhering to universal human rights principles and convinced of the value of cooperation and dialogue across and within borders.

Received by mail from HREA, Human Rights Education Associates:


Application Form:

In many countries, the human rights movement is confronted with a challenge, which is to recruit a new generation of young volunteers who are conscious of their responsibilities and involve them in the defense of human rights.

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The Human Condition Series

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Linked with Michael Parenti – USA, with Third World Traveler,
with Public Citizen’s Global Trade Watch, with Lori Wallach – USA,
with How the Free Market Killed New Orleans, and with Economy and Human Rights – one.

The Human Condition Serie’s annual international multidisciplinary conference will be held on May 17-19, 2007, Laurentian University, Georgian College, Barrie, Ontario.

Conference Theme: EMPIRE.

Download Programm.

The Human Condition is subject to a multitude of discursive intersections that are at once a reflection of our condition and the re-production of our re-condition. In the shadow of techno-science, globalization and environmental degradation, the human condition has become increasingly complex, fragmented and entrenched, while simultaneously being estranged from both itself and the various points of its’ conditioning.

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Women’s economic empowerment …

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… as smart economics, a dialogue on Policy Options:

Women play a key role in economic growth and development. World Bank and IMF studies have shown that the economies of the developing countries are losing billions of US dollars because women are still discriminated against in economic life or even excluded from it.

In order to find practical ways of improving women’s economic participation in the developing countries, Development Minister Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul hosted a conference entitled “Women’s economic empowerment as smart economics” in Berlin on February 2007.

Ministers from the North and the South, senior business figures and representatives of the World Bank and other international organisations discussed possible ways of fostering and better harnessing women’s economic potential.

One focus of the conference was the implementation of the Gender Action Plan launched last September by the World Bank with the aim of enabling more women to take part in economic processes. The conference has been opened by the German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, and Development Minister Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul. (full text).

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The Invisible People in a Land of Plenty

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By Siv O’Neall, published in Axis of Logic, on February 28, 2007,

re-published by on April 23, 2007.

Nearly 16 million Americans are living in deep or severe poverty (McClatchy Story on the St. Louis Post-Dispatch website):

But poverty is invisible to most affluent people. The high and mighty deliberately close their eyes and minds to the existence of poverty-stricken people in the United States, the land of plenty. It has become government policy to ignore the bottomless gulf that separates the poor from the super-affluent classes. The dominant theory in today’s corporate-governed world is that the rich people make the world go round and that is all that matters. Keep the wheels turning, profit is progress, everything else is of little importance, if any.

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ILO – Poverty reduction through small enterprises

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Picked up in Weitzenegger’s newsletter. To read many interesting news and articles, go to ‘The website for International  Development Cooperation‘,  and its (english) Newsletter.

Emerging consensus, unresolved issues and ILO activities, by Paul Vandenberg – a Small Enterprise Development Programme: Job Creation and Enterprise Development Department, International Labour Office, Geneva.

Look in the 68 pdf-page report for inspiration and information.

Economic Report on Africa ERA 2007

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(also in french).

Picked up in Weitzenegger’s newsletter. To read many interesting news and articles, go to ‘The website for International  Development Cooperation‘,  and its (english) Newsletter.

Accelerating Africa’s Development through Diversification.

Overview: Moderate world growth and the threat of macroeconomic imbalances Growth in the world economy improved lightly in 2006 relative to 2005, from 3.5 per cent to 3.8 per cent. It is driven by the strong performance by Asian economies, which continue to post growth rates above 8 per cent. In contrast, growth in advanced economies remains modest and is yet to reach the pre-2001 level. Key constraints to growth include the massive global macroeconomic imbalances along with tight macroeconomic stances in advanced economies, which prevent demandled recovery. High oil prices undermine growth in both advanced and developing countries through high production costs.

Developed countries, especially the United States, face the challenge of rising current account, government, and private sector deficits which threaten domestic economic recovery as well as global financial stability. The US current account deficit has risen systematically since the 1990s, reaching 6.6 per cent of GDP in 2006. Meanwhile, its budget balance has moved from a surplus in 2000 (1.9 per cent of GDP) to a deepening deficit that stood at 2.5 per cent of GDP in 2006. Moreover, the US private sector position continues to deteriorate due to insufficient savings partly driven by the easy credit that fuels consumption.

Download the ERA 2007 full version.

(You can also download separately the 6 chapters of part I and II).

The Inexplicable Enrichment Of Bush Cronies

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Linked with Evelyn Pringle – USA.

By Evelyn Pringle, published 20 April 2007 on

With a short and a long excerpt: It’s time for Americans to face the cold hard truth that nothing will be accomplished by allowing the daily carnage in Iraq to continue, and if Bush has his way, our young people will be dying in this war profiteering scheme until hell freezes over. Congress needs to authorize funding to pull our troops out of that deathtrap and not one dime more …

… When it comes to war profiteering, members of the Bush administration have given a whole new meaning to the “revolving door.” A whole gang of thugs has been robbing us blind in Iraq since day one and nobody seems to be able to stop it.

Congress knows what’s going on. Back on September 30, 2003, during the Senate debate over the first Iraq spending bill, Senator John Edwards said he refused to funnel the $87 billion to Cheney and other Bush cronies after learning that Bush’s former campaign manager, Joe Allbaugh, who was later appointed to head FEMA, had quit his job 3 weeks before the bombs began to fall in Iraq to start the consulting firm, New Bridge Strategies, for clients seeking contracts in Iraq.

“First, Vice President Cheney’s Halliburton receives more than $2 billion in Iraq reconstruction contracts,” he said, “and now this.”

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WTO, The New Threats to Developing Countries and Sustainability

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Linked with Martin Khor – Malaysia, with Third World Network TWN, and with Speech about Third World Economics.

An Excerpt: … e. Trade and Investment

The main proponents of an investment agreement would like international binding rules that allow freedom of foreign investors the rights to enter countries without conditions and regulations, and to operate in the host countries without most conditions now existing, and be granted “national treatment” and MFN (Most Favored Nation) status. Performance requirements (e.g., equity ownership restrictions, obligations on technology transfer, export orientation, geographical location, etc.) and restrictions on movements of funds would be prohibited. Investment incentives may also be disciplined. There would also be strict standards of protection for investors’ rights, for example in relation to “expropriation” of property. (A wide definition could be given to expropriation; the NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) experience is worth noting, where expropriation includes government policies such as health or environmental measures that affect the future earnings and profits of an investor; full compensation to the investor is required).

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France – l’Europe et la campagne présidentielle

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Lié avec Franziska Brantner – Germany, avec GLOW – a global center for women’s politics, et avec Europäische Vernetzungskonferenz.

L’Europe doit être présente dans la campagne présidentielle.

Sauvons l’Europe‘ est à l’initiative avec d’autres associations et syndicats d’une interpellation aux candidats à l’élection présidentielle sur l’Europe, 27 février 2007:

Nous l’attendons des candidats, nous qui nous sommes mobilisés, avec la société civile, sitôt après le référendum, pour que l’ambition européenne demeure. Certains avaient avancé qu’une nouvelle dynamique naîtrait du « non », proclamé salvateur et rénovateur. On sait aujourd’hui qu’il n’en est rien, sinon le refuge étroitement national. Avec la Finlande tout récemment, et l’entrée de la Bulgarie et de la Roumanie au 1er janvier 2007, ce sont dix-huit pays qui auront ratifié le projet de Constitution, soit les deux tiers des Etats et 56 % de la population européenne. La France risque de voir l’Europe se poursuivre sans elle. Elle a tout à y perdre et ne peut manquer un grand rendez-vous de la réconciliation avec l’Europe. Elle doit s’y préparer dès aujourd’hui et animer le débat européen avec les présidences portugaise et slovène, qui précèderont la présidence française au second semestre 2008.

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Europäische Vernetzungskonferenz

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Linked with Franziska Brantner – Germany, with GLOW – a global center for women’s politics, and with France – l’Europe et la campagne présidentielle.

veranstaltet vom Feministischen Institut der Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung (nur auf deutsch), in Kooperation mit dem Frauensicherheitsrat, 04.-06. Mai 2007, Ernst-Reuter-Haus, Straße des 17.Juni, 112, 10623 Berlin.

Link: go to, and click on NEW. Auf der so aufgerufenen Webseite finden Sie weitere links für: roadmap 1325, Ziel, Programm, Anmeldung, Hintergrund.

Die UN-Resolution 1325 vom Oktober 2000 sieht vor, Frauen auf allen Ebenen und in allen Entscheidungen in der Friedens- und Sicherheitspolitik angemessen zu beteiligen und die Geschlechterperspektive zu berücksichtigen. Doch die Resolution 1325 findet in der EU-Friedens- und Sicherheitspolitik kaum Beachtung.

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Speech about Third World Economics

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Linked with Martin Khor – Malaysia, with Third World Network TWN,

by Martin Khor, Director of the Third World Network, at the Opening Session of the Millenium Forum, UN General Assembly Hall, New York, 22 May 2000.

Excerpt: … These countries’ economies had suffered during colonialism, so in the first phase of independence, governments of many of these countries instituted measures to boost their weak domestic economy, domestic firms, banks and farms. They had affirmative action policies in favour of the local economy and firms, and defended them from predatory big foreign firms. These big firms now want to break down the barriers so that they can take over the local firms and farms of the developing world and increase their monopoly. Thus we now see the liberalisation of trade, finance and investment. But in areas where the big companies and their governments would lose from liberalisation, they practise protectionism, for example the imposition of high intellectual property standards throughout the world which is protectionist, in creating monopoly of technology by the big compaies and hindering technology transfer.

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UNIDO, Microsoft and Foreign Direct Investment in Africa

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Picked up in Weitzenegger’s newsletter. To read many interesting news and articles, go to ‘The website for International Development Cooperation‘, and its (english) Newsletter.

PRESS RELEASE – Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 12 March 2007.

Investment Monitoring Platform aims to help drive investment and foster sustainable economic growth in Africa in close cooperation with the African Union AU and The New Partnership for Africa’s Development NEPAD. The United Nations Industrial Development Organization UNIDO and Microsoft today launched the prototype of a new technology solution, which will be a key component of the UNIDO Africa Investment Promotion Agency AfrIPANet initiative. The new investment monitoring platform is designed to enhance communication between governments in Africa and investors. By providing greater information and transparency, it is hoped that the solution will facilitate more informed investment decision-making and deeper partnership between government and business towards sustainable development in Africa.

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On the Use Value of Conspiracy Data for the Power Elite

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By Paul Street, published on ZNet’s daily commentaries, March 28, 2007

Excerpts: Booz Allen Hamilton is a leading global consulting firm that “has more than 18,000 employees serving clients on six continents.” According to its website, the U.S.-based company “integrat[es] the full range of consulting capabilities” and “is the one firm that helps government and commercial clients solve their toughest problems with services in strategy, operations, organization and change, and information technology” …

… “Declassification of information that no longer needs to be protected is an excellent objective. Indeed a very large amount of the material reviewed appeared to be of no use – intelligence or otherwise [as]…is to be expected in records that are 45 to 50 years old. This does not mean releasing information solely based on age or extremely narrow review criteria. Some information or collection of information, especially in the area of nuclear weapons, does not lose its value with the passage of time.”

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Aljazeera english on YouTubes

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Today there are 48 Aljazeera-videos on YouTubes accessible. (full text).

The world’s first English language news channel to have its headquarters in the Middle East; covering the world, bridging cultures and setting the news agenda.

Go also to the english website of Aljazeera.
and their Programmes.

Zoo’s Orangutans play video games

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By Dorie Turner, Associated Press, April 12, 2007.

Two excerpts: ATLANTA (AP) — Four-year-old Bernas isn’t the computer wizard his mom is, but he’s learning. Just the other day he used his lips and feet to play a game on the touch-screen monitor as his mom, Madu, swung from vines and climbed trees. The two Sumatran orangutans at Zoo Atlanta are playing computer games while researchers study the cognitive skills of the orange and brown primates. The best part? Zoo visitors get to watch their every move.

The orangutans use a touch screen built into a tree-like structure that blend in with their zoo habitat. Visitors watch from a video monitor in front of the exhibit.

“That’s so cool”, Jeri McCarthy told her three daughters as Bernas drew a red, blue and yellow picture on the screen. “He can’t get enough!

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The Maputo Protocol

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(Version Française sur le site de la Bibliothèque Jeanne Hersch, textes Africains scroll down – voir aussi leur Homepage).

The States Parties to this Protocol, (see all 32 articles on African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, adopted by the 2nd Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the Union in Maputo, on 11 July 2003, full text on AFRICAN CHARTER ON HUMAN AND PEOPLES’ RIGHTS, – see their Homepage).

The States Parties to this Protocol,

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Protocole de Maputo

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(Text of the protocol in english on African Commission on Human Rights and Peoples’ Rights, (see their english/french Homepage). See also a remark in english on No Peace without Justice – see also their Homepage).

Les Etats au présent protocole: (Voir les 32 articles elle-mêmes, adoptés par la 2ème session ordinaire de la Conférence de l’Union africaine à Maputo, le 11 juillet 2003, en full text sur le site de la Bibliothèque Jeanne Hersch, textes Africains – scroll down).

Le texte du protocole:

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Some 9,000 Chadians move to IDP camp after brutal village attacks

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Received by mail from HREA, the Human Rights Education Associates, and their Newsletter.

By Matthew Conway, in Habile Camp, Chad, March 10, 2007 – Some 9,000 Chadians have arrived in UN refugee agency trucks and on their own at the Habile site for internally displaced persons after brutal attacks on two villages left houses torched and the ground strewn with dead.

A United Nations team headed by UNHCR reached the burnt out villages of Tiero and Marena on Sunday, a week after the March 31 attacks. Survivors blamed the attacks on janjaweed militiamen on horses and camels, assisted by Chadian rebels with heavy weaponry and vehicles. Decomposing bodies still lay on the ground and smoke hung in the air from the last of the fires that had destroyed their houses

Estimates of the death toll have risen to between 200 and 400, although the exact number may never be known. With improved security, friends and relatives have returned to bury the dead. Victims were buried where they fell, often in common graves. Many who survived the attacks — particularly the elderly and young children — died in subsequent days from exhaustion and dehydration, often while fleeing. About 80 additional people were wounded.

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Daily Meditations

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From Birdman^i^, write him to receive the Elder’s Meditation of the Day, a daily newsletter with a meditation.

His meditation of April 12, 2007: “Dissimilar things were fitted together to make something beautiful and whole.” Nippawanock, ARAPAHOE

“Sometimes we look at something close up and it appears to be ugly; but then we drop back and look at it as a whole and it is beautiful. If we look at an insect close up, it may be ugly, but if we drop back and look at the whole insect it becomes beautiful. We can drop back even more and observe what its role and purpose is, and the insect becomes even more beautiful and whole. How are we looking at ourselves? Are we focused on something ugly about ourselves, or are we dropping back and looking at ourselves as a whole? We all have purpose, and we are all beautiful”.

A website named Daily Meditations shows a link to all older meditations, back to April 22, 2005.

See also Birdman’s Website.

There is also a Yahoo newsgroup for jurists: suijuriscourtangels · ^i^Sui Juris Court Angels^i^.

ICRC Press release

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Published by the International Comittee of the Red Cross, and also by HREA.

Geneva (ICRC) — In a report issued today in Geneva, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) expresses alarm about the deteriorating humanitarian situation in Iraq and calls for urgent action to better protect civilians against the continuing violence.

The report entitled Civilians without protection — The ever-worsening crisis in Iraq deplores the daily acts of violence such as shootings, bombings, abductions, murders and military operations that directly target Iraqi civilians in clear violation of international humanitarian law and other applicable legal standards. While it argues that the current crisis directly or indirectly affects all Iraqis, the report focuses on the problems of vulnerable groups such as the hundreds of thousands of Iraqis forced to flee their homes and the families that host them.

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Drug Companies Want Women Of Childbearing Years

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Published on, by Evelyn Pringle, 05 April, 2007:

Drug makers are hell-bent on recovering the antidepressant customer base represented by women of childbearing years. With doctors now reluctant to prescribe the drugs to pregnant women, a new recruitment scheme has cropped up. Screening programs are being set up all over the country to screen every pregnant woman for mental disorders.

The name-brand selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressants, or SSRIs, with a stake in this controversy, include Paxil, by GlaxoSmithKline; Zoloft, from Pfizer; Prozac by Eli Lilly; Celexa and Lexapro, from Forest Laboratories; and Luvox, from Solvay.

According to one of the world’s leading experts on SSRIs, Dr David Healy, a professor at the University of Wales College of Medicine, “there is quite a movement at the moment to say all pregnant women are depressed.”

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Pawns in a losing game: Britain’s policy in tatters

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Published in The Indepenent, on April 8, 2007

Excerpt: … In Tehran, meanwhile, a top Iranian official has said Britain apologised for entering Iranian waters in a secret letter that was a condition for the captives’ release. “They didn’t make a threat to us,” said Ali Akbar Velayati, a former foreign minister who now advises Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the supreme leader, on foreign policy. “They said sorry, we won’t trespass again.” Mr Ahmadinejad said at his press conference on Wednesday that “the British government sent a letter to our Foreign Ministry, and said that this will not be repeated”.

The Foreign Office flatly contradicted Mr Velayati, who also claimed Britain sent a delegation to negotiate in Tehran. He was seeking to defend the Iranian government from hardliners’ anger at the release of the sailors, and went on to suggest the crisis arose in response to Iranian fears about a Western military build-up in the Gulf.

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Last word on climate is ours, scientists say

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By Seth Borenstein, The Associated Press, published in The Seattle Times online April 8, 2007

Two Excerpts: … The language in the report had to be approved unanimously by governments. Among scientists, changes had to be by consensus. In addition, every change of wording had to be approved by all scientists who wrote the affected section. In the past, scientists at these meetings believed that their warnings were conveyed, albeit slightly edited down. But several left Friday with the sense that they had lost control of their document …

… A comparison of the original document, written by scientists, and the finished paper showed major reductions in forecasts for hunger and flooding victims. Instead of “hundreds of millions” of potential flood victims, the report said “many millions.”

A key mention of up to 120 million people at risk of hunger because of global warming was eliminated.

Yet scientists have their fallback: a second summary that consists of 79 densely written, heavily footnoted pages.

The “technical summary,” which eventually will be released to the public, will not be edited by diplomats. The technical summary, Rosenzweig said, contains “the real facts.”

Some highlights, not included in the 23-page already released summary:

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Publié par France, dans Grain de Sable n°567 (online), 6 avril 2007, mail.

Un appel lancé aux gouvernements européens pour une reforme de la Banque mondiale, 14 mars 2007 Au rythme actuel, la communauté internationale n’atteindra pas les Objectifs du millénaire pour le développement d’ici à 2015. La Banque mondiale, la plus grande instance de développement au monde, porte une large part de responsabilité dans cet échec.

La Banque mondiale a imposé un modèle de développement qui a mené de nombreux pays dans une impasse. Elle a compromis la capacité des pays à déterminer leurs propres stratégies de développement et contribué, dans bien des cas, à l’aggravation de la pauvreté et à la dégradation de l’environnement dans les pays les plus pauvres au monde. Des conditions de politique économique néfastes La Banque mondiale continue de conditionner ses prêts aux pays en développement au respect de prescriptions de politique économique censées favoriser la croissance.

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The today’s UN Climat Warming Report

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My comment: naturally it is said, that poorest will be hit hardest, but where are plans to help them?

We cannot let run the normal social Darwinism mechanism. All Governments together, repressented by the UN, have the duty to find solutions for their peoples.

And again, we need much more investment in scientific research for renewable energy, but also for the neglected so called free energy.

Here after a few texts online about the today’s UN report, all April 6, 2007:

Biofuels And Global Hunger

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Published on countercurrents on April 1, 2007 (first on CounterPunch, March 30, 2007):

Three Excerpts: … Bush met with General Motors Corp. chairman and chief executive Rick Wagoner, Ford Motor Co. chief executive Alan Mulally and DaimlerChrysler AG’s Chrysler Group chief executive Tom LaSorda. They discussed support for flex-fuel vehicles, attempts to develop ethanol from alternative sources like switchgrass and wood chips and the administration’s proposal to reduce gas consumption by 20 percent in 10 years.

The discussions came amid rising gasoline prices. The latest Lundberg Survey found the nationwide average for gasoline has risen 6 cents per gallon in the past two weeks to $2.61.

I think that reducing and recycling all fuel and electricity operated engines is an urgent and elemental necessity of all humanity. The dilemma is not in the reduction of energy costs, but in the idea of turning foodstuffs into fuel.

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France to Open Louvre in Abu Dhabi

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(ABU DHABI, United Arab Emirates) — France’s storied Louvre museum, home to priceless art works like the Mona Lisa, said Tuesday it will open a new Louvre in this Persian Gulf boomtown, prompting outcries from some who accuse the museum of shilling France’s patrimony for $1.3 billion in oil money.

The 30-year agreement, signed by French Culture Minister Renaud Donnedieu de Vabres and the head of Abu Dhabi’s tourism authority, Sheik Sultan bin Tahnoon Al Nahyan, opens the way for the Louvre Abu Dhabi to display thousands of works from some of France’s best museums, such as the Louvre, the Georges Pompidou Center, the Musee d’Orsay and Versailles.

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The War Of Humiliation

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By Robert Fisk, published on countercurrent, 03 April, 2007, (from The Independent).

2 Excerpts: Our Marines are hostages. Two more were shown on Iranian TV. Petrol bombs burst behind the walls of the British embassy in Tehran. But it’s definitely not the war on terror. It’s the war of humiliation. The humiliation of Britain, the humiliation of Tony Blair, of the British military, of George Bush and the whole Iraqi shooting match. And the master of humiliation – even if Tony Blair doesn’t realise it – is Iran, a nation which feels itself forever humiliated by the West …

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WSIS Edu – Ligne d’action C7, Télé-enseignement

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Reçu par Edu Mailinglist,
(par Francis F. MUGUET Ph.D)

J’ai le plaisir de vous informer que le 23 mai 2007, à Genève, de 15h à 18h , nous convoquons la deuxième réunion de consultation consacrée à la Ligne d’action C7 “Télé-enseignement”. Vous allez recevoir une invitation du Sous-Directeur général pour la Communication et l’information prochainement.

Cette réunion suit celle tenue à Paris le 18 octobre 2006, dans le cadre du suivi de l’Agenda de Tunis pour la Société d’information, à laquelle vous aviez été une centaine à participer.

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WSIS Edu – Action Line C7, E-learning

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Received by Edu Mailinglist,
(by Francis F. MUGUET Ph.D)

We are pleased to inform you about the second consultation meeting of the WSIS Action Line?C7 “E-learning”, which will be held in Geneva on the 23rd of May 2007 from 15:00 to 18:00. You will receive an invitation by UNESCO’s Assistant Director-General for Communication and Information soon.

This meeting will follow the meeting you attended on 18 October 2006 held at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris, in the framework of the follow-up to the Tunis Agenda for the Information Society.

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Courses by the ICRC

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ICRC, a web edited in the six UN languages and Português.

The International Committee of the Red Cross organises different courses. The ICRC’s annual Summer courses on international humanitarian law provide a comprehensive introduction to the subject through a combination of lectures and case studies.

1) Annual Summer courses on international humanitarian law

Warsaw, Poland, 2 – 12 July 2007; Modane, France, 3 – 12 September 2007: The ICRC’s annual Summer courses on international humanitarian law provide a comprehensive introduction to the subject through a combination of lectures and case studies.

2) Advanced Training on International Humanitarian Law

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